Home Page | Calendar | Forums | Login | Turn Images On |
Home > Christian Life
A View from Here | Christian Survival Resource | Current News | Small Churches and House Churches | 7 Minutes | Leaders | Christians and Politics | Reaching Out | Music, Praise, Worship | Discipleship | Church Family | Prayer | Directory | Pastoral Care | Letters to the Editor(s) | Highland 2007 | Social Issues | Previous Polls | Is there any word from the Lord? | Events

The Westminster Confession: a critique

The Westminister Confession of Faith is a 17th-century document which was drawn up at a particular point in Scottish and UK history. It continues to wield very significant influence on how presbyterian churches are run and what they believe. However it is a mixed bag.



The Westminster Confession of Faith

‘We claim no infallibility for [the Confession], or for ourselves who declare our belief in the propositions which it contains. It is the Word of God which only abideth forever... It is open to the Church at any time to say, “We have obtained clearer light over one or other or all of the propositions contained in this Confession, we must review it; the time has come for us to frame a new bond of union with each other, a new testimony to the world.” If this freedom do not belong to us, then indeed we are in bondage to our Confession, and renounce the liberty wherewith Christ has made us free.’
Rev. William Wilson (Free Church Moderator, 1866)

"I look on Catechisms as mere landmarks against heresey. If there had been no heresey, they wouldn't have been wanted. It's putting them out of their place to look on them as magazines of truth. There's some of your sour orthodox folk just over-ready to stretch the Bible to square with their Catechism; all very well, all very needful as a landmark, but what I say is, do not let that wretched, mutilated thing be thrown between me and the Bible."
Rev. Thomas Chalmers
(speaking on the right use of Confessions of Faith).

When the Church says to both ministers and people, “This is my Confession of Faith: if anything in it appear to you inconsistent with the Word of God, I am prepared to go with you to the Word of God to settle the matter”, then does the Church speak according to her place.
But if instead of this she says, “This I have fixed to be the meaning of the Word of God, and you cannot take any other meaning without being excluded from my communion; and to entitle me to exclude you I do not need to prove to you that what you hold and teach is contrary to my Confession of Faith”; I say, if the Church of Christ use this language she no longer remembers her place as a Church.
Rev. John Macleod Campbell
(deposed in 1831 by the Church of Scotland for preaching
‘assurance of faith’ and ‘unlimited atonement’)
Ref 1 Ref 2 Ref 3


This is the second in a series of articles which were prompted in the summer of 2009 by the question of Sunday sailings to the Hebridean island of Lewis. The issue – by no means to the only one, locally or universally – is tied up with how we understand the Mosaic Law and how the church responds to that view.
It was felt then, and indeed is still the case, that a superficial response would merely reiterate what has been so often said on both sides of the debate – that is regarding whether or not disciples of Christ are ‘under the law’. Accordingly the first article in the series gave an overview of (some of the major) Covenants in the Old Testament (aka the Old Covenant; but more correctly the Old Covenants) in order to establish a biblical foundation to build upon. It is strongly recommended that the article ‘A Covenant-Keeping God’ is read in conjunction with this writing, as it has a fundamental relationship to what follows.
This present article gives a background and overview to a very important period in the formative life of the reformed church in Scotland: the focus is on a creedal document which was formulated in the middle of the 17th century and is, in substantial part, an outworking of a theological construct termed 'Covenant Theology'. [The latter is a 'prism' through which some interpret Scripture and should not be confused with the covenants contained in the Bible.]
The Westminster Confession of Faith (Note 1.) was essentially drawn up by a committee of English ‘Westminster Divines’ with a handful of senior Scottish churchmen carrying ‘assessor’ status (which allowed them to debate, but not to vote). It has been, and continues to be hugely influential but also the cause of much controversy and debate.
In spite of its English origins, it was only adopted in that country for a short period of four years. However, and in stark contrast it has and continues to the present day to have enormous influence on the structures, beliefs, government, ministries, expectations and traditions of the Presbyterian churches in Scotland and all over the world.


It is no purpose whatsoever to create controversy or upset through this writing. Neither, however is it the intention to shrink back from expressing concerns in an unambiguous fashion. Accordingly euphemisms have been avoided for the sake of maintaining clarity.
Additionally and in this context, no significant effort will be expended in this essay on the biblical (supportable) parts of the Confession’s text. Neither (at this stage anyway) will everything that is written be annotated with source references. (The reader is encouraged to do his/her own research; with the ultimate reference being the Word of God. The supplied references relating to the WCF will be expressed in Roman numerals. Note 2.)


The Westminster Confession of Faith contains much solid teaching on core Christian doctrines. The document has been immensely useful as a statement of many biblical and foundational truths; and as a counter to false teaching since its inception.
The Westminster Confession of Faith is permeated with unsupportable statements and also very significant ‘holes’. It is – at once and in parts – deficient, erroneous, ambiguous, unbiblical and extra-biblical. It also strays from defining doctrine into setting out what was and is merely ‘opinion’ – including also matters of church law. It has the characteristics of what one writer described as being a ‘paper Pope’, and become as another has said a ‘golden calf’. In this writer’s view, it has ever been deficient and in error.
Essentially the WCF is a 'child of its time'; a veritable ‘curate’s egg' – a mixture of good and bad; a compendium of Truth, error and omissions; and, at least in the present day, serves the church very badly in a number of areas of Christian life and church practices.
The document has caused continuing division amongst those who hold the Word of God in high regard; and has also been demonstrably incapable of maintaining Truth amongst those who don’t. There are very few indeed who believe it all; and probably none who can, from a biblical base, justify all that it contains.

Introduction and Background

All the Presbyterian churches and denominations in Scotland link back to 1560AD and the Reformation – as a spiritual movement to correct the abuses, excesses and errors within the (Roman) Catholic Church at that time. In that year, John Knox and the five other reformers (all with the Christian name John), formulated a creedal statement entitled the Scots Confession. It was completed in four days.
This ‘Confession’ was however superseded over 80 years later by a document entitled the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF) – drawn up from 1643, on instruction issued by the London-based parliament from whence the document’s title derives. Yet in spite of its Westminster origins, the Confession had, as the summary states, only fleeting place in England and in the Anglican Church.
It is also worthwhile noting that the ‘scripture proofs’ were only added on later instruction from the Westminster parliament. Many of these Bible references (aka ‘proof texts’) – appended in postscript fashion – have tenuous relevance to the body text.
Paradoxically however, and though the cause of much debate and controversy through the centuries since, the WCF survives and is maintained universally as the subordinate standard of Presbyterian churches in Scotland and indeed around the world (Note 3).
The backdrop to the Confession was both religious and political. In Scotland, the reformers (Covenanters) wished not only to eradicate all traces of episcopacy and earthly-sovereign headship, but also saw a chance to extend the Presbyterian system of church government into England. (The Covenanting ideal being that of one church in the nation; with one king under the one true God.)
Meanwhile the anti-royalist parliamentarians in England saw advantage in enlisting the Scots in the puritan struggles be break free from the Church of England with the King (Charles I) as its supreme governor. Additionally however there was the perceived need to reduce the threat of Irish-Catholic intervention in the first English civil war (1642 – 1646). After much haggling, these separate and distinct agendas were built into a document called the ‘Solemn League and Covenant’ (dated 1643, and not to be confused with the earlier purely-Scottish ‘National Covenant’ of 1638) – the title reflecting the dual perceptions and purposes.
[The cross-border alliance however later broke down when, in 1649, the English assassinated Charles I (who was not merely the English monarch, but Scotland’s king also); and because the dominant grouping amongst the parliamentary puritans rejected presbyterian church polity in favour of congregationalism. Subsequent to this turn of events, the Scots then ‘changed sides’ and obtained King Charles II signature on the Solemn League and Covenant. The occasion giving rise to Oliver Cromwell’s famous plea to the Scots: “I beseech you, in the bowels of Christ, think it possible you may be mistaken.”]
It was within this ambivalent and fluid context that the Westminster Confessions were formulated.

Doctrinal issues

<click on image below for Theology Chart>

From a doctrinal standpoint, much of the WCF is based on a theological construct commonly known as Covenant Theology. The effect of this system of theology on Christian doctrine is profound.
Three of the very important derivative doctrines relate to the view that the church is now ‘Israel’ (i.e. Replacement Theology/Supercessionism); the way ‘the Law’ is understood and applied in NT times (theonomy); and end-time expectations (eschatology).
There are many other issues relating (inter alia) to how the church is governed; the relationship with the state; baptism; clergy/laity distinctions; the Sacraments and the administration of same; double predestination which consigns some to hell; and how to understand the prophetic scriptures.
[In the context of the ‘Drilling Down’ series, further articles will be written (d.v.) relating to church/state relationships, the Mosaic Law and legalism.]
As affirmed above, the venerated document contains much that is sound and fundamental to the Christian faith. Indeed (as also stated above) in the context of previous centuries, the WCF has served as an ‘anchor in the storms’ of the post-Reformation Presbyterian churches in Scotland. However, the WCF has created storms of its own; and controversies remain to the present day.
Over and above these issues, there is a broad agreement amongst many (including the most ardent of its supporters) that the WCF is – simultaneously – seriously deficient, while also being erroneous and unbalanced in many of its thirty-three chapters of creedal statements. (Note 4.) These difficulties are compounded by the fact that the WCF contains 17th-century dictates on church law, and is also dogmatic on subjects that in fact attract a range of differing opinions across the Bible-believing spectrum of the church of Christ. This latter category of problem includes particular views on who should receive baptism; the beliefs relating to Christ’s second coming (eschatology); the way of salvation (soteriology); church government (ecclesiology/prelacy) and church/state relationships.
One of the WCF’s most controversial statements labels the Pope as the Antichrist (which pre-supposes a particular eschatology on which there is no universal agreement).
There are four very significant problems
relating to the Westminster Confession:
Concerning these matters, the WCF is questionable in the following areas
(and this list is not exhaustive) –


Closing remarks

Thus you nullify the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down.

And you do many things like that."                                                   Mark 7:13

Two of the principle tenets of the Reformation were (are?):
‘Sola Scriptura’ (Scripture alone) and ‘Semper Reformanda’ (continually open to reform).
It is the author’s earnest hope and prayer that the 21st-century Presbyterian church will abide by, and be seen to be abiding by these principles, by re-visiting and critically examining the Westminster Confession of Faith as its principal subordinate standard – for the good of the church as the body of Christ, but supremely for the glory of God and the extension of His Kingdom. Amen.


1. The text of the WCF (with Scripture references) can be found at www.reformed.org/documents/wcf_with_proofs/index.html
Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia, is a very convenient and quick reference source. What it lacks in comprehensiveness it gains in neutrality.

Notwithstanding the above, the use of 'hot-links' has been minimised in this article so as not to disadvantage anyone reading the text in hardcopy form. However, on-line reading allows 'pop-up' Bible texts to appear on 'mouse-over' of the Scripture references.
2. The original document used Roman numerals and the internet-based copies use the same.
3. Splits in the Presbyterian church(es) in Scotland around the turn of the 19th/20thcentury were caused by varying degrees of adherence to the WCF. Qualifying statements and subsequent ecclesiastical legislation have variously modified the extent to which strict adherence is required to all the WCF contains. The terms ‘fundamental doctrines’ and ‘substance of the faith’ have been developed and employed without any definitions of same.
In 1989 the APC grouping was formed when the Free Presbyterian Church disciplined an elder (Lord Mackay of Clashfern) for attending friend’s funeral service (Mass) in a Roman Catholic church – which the WCF believes to be the system of the Antichrist.
A de facto split in the Free Church of Scotland last year revolved around what is or not permissible in ‘worship’ (as ill-defined yet narrowly-constrained by the WCF).
The current fragmentation of the Church of Scotland is producing seceding groups which are (still) wedded to the Westminster Confession in spite of the latter’s failure to maintain a biblical orthodoxy.
Most recently controversy has again arisen due to an ‘ecumenical’ service in the isle of Lewis involving Presbyterian clergy along with a Roman Catholic priest (as an ‘agent of the Antichrist).
4. In the light of continuing controversy and disagreement relating to the WCF the Church of Scotland's Panel of Doctrine prepared a number of papers on the subject for presentation to the Church. These essays were published under the title The Westminister Confession in the Church Today [St. Andrews Press 1982].
5. As stated above, subsequent articles will (d.v.) aim to look at Church/State relationships: the OT laws; Legalism; and Sunday/Sabbath observance (in that order) as part of the ‘Drilling Down’ series.
6. The above is a ‘work in progress’. It will most likely be embellished, augmented and corrected (if and where necessary). It is the second in a series; the first being an article entitled ‘A Covenant-keeping God’.
Logged-in site members can use the 'Response' facility below. Any comments from non-members of the site should be made directly to the Editor, and these will be taken account of in the final version.
Indeed considered responses made at this (earlier) stage are viewed as being much more helpful in order to facilitate an ordered discussion at a later date if this indeed transpires. It would be helpful in any responses to quote Scripture.


(Author: The Editor)

See feedback for this article

Articles in this group

Music in praise and worship
Church services, praise and worship? The contemporary scene. (Author: Christians Together)

Who I am in Christ
When our world is shaken or challenged we need to be sure of where our security and identity lie. (Author: The Editor)

God help us
In times of calamity we cannot create a 'revival recipe', but only pray into the Lord's will. (Author: The Editor)

When was Jesus born?
In spite of the carol which sings of 'in the bleak mid-Winter' and in spite of any hard evidence regarding the time of Jesus birth it is highly unlikely that He was born in December. (Author: Christians Together)

Dreams and Visions today: a story or three
The prophet Joel said concerning the last days that the Lord would work in wonderous ways. We are seeing much of that in our time. (Author: Various)

Stand Up for the King
A Canadian choir, a football fan and a flock of birds might be parables of God's call on our lives; and as a 'resolution' in each and every year. (Author: The Editor)

Ugandan Pastor; attacked but not silenced
Umar Mulinde is a Christian from a Muslim background. He became the victim of a personal attack which, though leaving him disfigured, has failed to prevent him preaching. (Author: Moaz Israel)

Covenant Theology and Dispensationalism
Two contradictory and competing 'systematic theologies' have been, and remain very influential in shaping Christian belief and action. (Author: The Editor)

The Role of Women in the Body of Christ
The role of women in the church is exercising the Anglican commune. But the issue is never far from the surface in Scotland. (Author: Reform/Christians Together)

The 20th Century: unique in the history of man
A look back at the history of the century just past may suggest that there is a basic divide forming which spans the globe. (Author: Watchman)

A Church in ruins
In our day there are strong reasons to suspect that God is not-so-much dismantling the parody that man has created as He is merely standing by and letting the inevitable collapse occur. (Author: Watchman)

Presbyterianism - Scottish style
With the Church of Scotland facing a major issue, it is perhaps worthwhile to look at how presbyterianism, in post-Reformation Scotland, has got to where it is. (Author: Christians Together)

Homecall of Rev. Howard Taylor
An Englishman who was first ordained into the church in Africa before serving in the Church of Scotland parish ministry and then on a Scottish University campus has now been elevated to a new position. (Author: The Editor / Jock Stein)

Rescued into True Freedom
A letter from a Christian who was living a homosexual lifestyle 40 years ago when he found the transforming power of Jesus Christ to change his life. (Author: Christians Together /Paul)

No Room at the Inn
Elizabeth Kendal writes of how Christianity in particular and religious faith in general is being - at an increasingly rapid pace - pushed out of public life in 'Western' nations. (Author: Elizabeth Kendal)

Gun-toting gambler and a new role of the dice
For Spyros Metakidis gambling was his ultimate 'high'. Though he prayed for 'good luck one day he was asked "Do you love Jesus"? (Author: Christians Together)

The Archbishop and the Choirmaster
Sounds as if he is a good guy. And if he hasn’t already, the new Archbishop of Canterbury might be interested to watch an episode from the Choir. (Author: Christians Together)

Stained Glass Radio Programmes
Pick up audio interviews from Ken Hancock of Aberdeen-based Stained Glass Radio speaking with fellow Christians from the UK and around the world on a range of very interesting topics. (Author: Ken Hancock)

Has Christianity Become Intolerable?
Countries outside of the UK have become increasingly concerned about developments within the UK with respect to Christians and the freedom to bear witness to the Christian faith. (Author: Benjamin Bull)

Garth Hewitt; the Flip Side of a 'troubadour'
To the average church audience, the Rev. Garth Hewitt presents a gentle image of a man focussed on issues of justice and peace. However the church minister also has a flip side. (Author: Christians Together)

The evils of our age
The advent of the internet has meant that an ever-increasing number of people of all ages have access to the most vile and dangerous material; corrupting minds and behaviour (Author: Christians Together)

Communion taken on first moon landing
With the death of Neil Armstrong as the first man on the moon Buzz Aldrin represents the only living memory of participating in that historic landing. During the radio blackout he did a remarkable thing. (Author: Bill Carrell)

Islamic totalitarianism v Christian freedom
Accounts from Egypt illustrate some of the dire consequences for Christians living in countries where Islam and Sharia law rule. (Author: Elizabeth Kendal)

Eric Liddell; Olympic hero and man of conviction
Scotsman Eric Liddell famously competed in the 1924 Olympic Games and was known around the world as a man who was not prepared to compromise his beliefs for the sake of sporting glory. (Author: Christians Together)

Crossless Christianity and power-seeking
A Pentecostal pastor in recent conversation spoke of the laxity regarding Godly standards for righteous living. Wayne Greulich asks: "What happened to the Pentecostal Movement? (Author: Wayne Greulich)

Passover in Web 2.0
A link to Passover Web 2.0 video (Author: )

Student Study Bible (ESV version)
A review of the recently-published Student Study Bible which is a substantial addition to the one-volume resources containing the Word of God along with explanatory notes, guides, charts and maps. (Author: Christians Together)

Rev. Canon Martyn H. Bateman: a tribute
The Christians Together website derived from an earlier paper publication of the same title. It was encouraged into life and sustained by a man of God who was an inspiration to many. (Author: Colin Wilson)

Baptist church under seige in Bethlehem
In the wake of Bethlemen Bible College's international gathering of Replacement Theology evangelical leaders, the First Baptist Church in the birthplace of Christ is refused registration renewal by the Palestinian Authority. (Author: Christians Together)

Church growth: 1st, 20th and 21st centuries
Has the 20th-century model of church growth been biblical, cost-efficient and sustainable? And is there a different pattern emerging which if fact has ancient roots? (Author: Christians Together)

Another presbyterian church: bring it on!
Regarding news of a new church plant in Inverness, a clergyman has written on-line: “Just what we needed in Inverness, a new Presbyterian church”. (Author: The Editor)

Theology through the ages.
While any church worthy of the name will place the foundation for its creeds and practices on the Word of God in practice there are very few which are not influenced – for good or ill – by the history of the Christian church. (Author: The Editor)

Church splits; and a call to look to Christ
Mutual hostility is the sad history of so many splits: the most recent no less. A site visitor to Christians Together has given a recent perspective. (Author: A site visitor)

Title fetishes: Your Holy Highness
"If people can’t see the anointing on your life through your character, then don’t cheapen the gospel by wearing a title you don’t deserve..." (Author: J. Lee Grady)

Pastors and Prophets; roles in conflict
The 'sola pastora' (single pastor) model within the Christian church imposes conflicting responsibilities and stress on those persons who, as individuals, are required both to keep the peace and proclaim the Truth. (Author: Christians Together)

11/11/11 WWII veteran still fighting
A decorated WWII pilot who is now 92 years old has been involved in conflict for most of his life. His battles in the physical realm have transferred to the area of spiritual warfare. (Author: Steve Stevens)

Does God call all his children to ministry? You bet!
In the priesthood of all believers God calls and equips every follower of Jesus to a ministry (forms of service) within the body of Christ. (Author: Christians Together)

Where the KJV has got it wrong...
Punctuation can fundamentally alter the meaning of a sentence or expression. The insertion of a comma in the King James Bible has grossly distorted and disabled the body of Christ. (Author: The Editor)

Chinese churches join in the persecution of 'underground' churches
China’s official church system has joined with the state in the persecution of 'underground' churches, with the Shouwang Church in Beijing being targetted for its refusal to join the 'official' Three-Self church system. (Author: Intercessors Network)

Unforgiveness: an entry point for the demonic
One of the most common and serious personal problems is that of unforgiveness - found even within the church. Clinging on to bitterness or grudges is highly dangerous. (Author: Rodney W. Francis)

What keeps Christians apart?
'Secondary issues' are often the reason given for Christians staying apart from one another. But is there the possiblity that there are issues lying underneath? (Author: Christians Together/Thistle Channel TV)

So what are the secondary issues?
In the context of evangelical divisions there are increasing calls for 'unity' and the side-lining of 'secondary issues'. But what are these secondary issues? (Author: Christians Together)

Barrister defends Christians in courts
Barrister Paul Diamond who has defended Christians in recent high-profile court cases has written publicly about "a special animosity reserved for this [Christian] faith". (Author: Christians Together/Paul Diamond)

Amazing Grace; the 'sweet sound' touched a soul.
A multi-national group of secular singers sung 'uninspired' praise, yet God's Amazing Grace touched the heart of at least one hurting soul. (Author: Christians Together)

Uncovering the 'Covering Doctrine'
Heavy Shepherding and the abuse of leadership can be a problem in the church of Jesus Christ. What are the issues with accountability? (Author: Cheryl McGrath)

Sexuality and Women Bishops - a Reform view
Reform is a grouping of churches and leaders within the Church of England who are seeking to maintain a Biblical response to sexuality and women in overseeing roles. A representative speaks to Christians Together. (Author: Rev. Paul Dawson)

Get into The Ark
Tempests strike countries, continents and personal lives. John Owen, a great Puritan preacher, spoke to his congregation in 1680: the message is the same and even more vital today. (Author: John Owen/David Wilkerson)

Tithing: OT biblical principle and NT legalism
Sermons have been preached on it and Christians have fallen under a spirit of guilt through it. Giving of our time, talents and treasurers is biblical: extortion is not. (Author: Carrie Sant)

What is worship anyway?
Attempts to legislate for and define the things of the heart is an issue that has caused problems in the early church; and it would seem that today things are not much different. So what is true worship? (Author: Christians Together)

Busyness, priorities and stress reduction
Jesus had no more hours in a day than we do, yet 'fitting it all in' is a constant challenge. Some thoughts on how to avoid being run off our feet or ending up flat on our backs. (Author: Christians Together)

Ted Haggard looking for restoration
High-profile former pastor Ted Haggard who resigned from his ministry followig a drug and sex scandal asks in an interview why secular 'stars' like Tiger Woods can be restored by not church leaders. (Author: Christians Together)

Are we experiencing the 'rod of His anger'?
Are the socio-religious and political developments of our present day an example of how God expressed His displeasure in ancient times? (Author: A View from Here)

Blogging: a subtle appeal to human pride?
In a world of pervasive blogging and social media Andy Wharhol's 1968 prediction that "everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes" has lost non of its allure. Is the desire for public attention now invading the church? (Author: Watchman)

The Word is not enough.
Much dissension and strife in the church of Jesus Christ emanates from the tendency to put an exclusive responsibilty on the Word of God to provide authoritative guidance on every issue of life. (Author: Watchman)

The Bible in One Year 2011
On the 400th anniversary of the King James Bible, a set of daily readings which will cover the whole Bible in one calendar year. (Author: Christians Together)

Six 'megathemes' for the church: a review of 2010
A review of the past year's research conducted by the Barna Group provides a time-lapse portrayal of how the religious environment in the U.S. is morphing into something new. And it's not just the US. (Author: Barna Group)

Technology in the church: a good thing?
Many churches now resemble recording studios which were previously the reserve of the professional music and video industry. What are the implications? (Author: Unknown/Christians Together)

Revelation TV puts Highlands on the map
Revelation TV, the Christian satellite channel featured a short video on Christian choirs and shoppers in Inverness Eastgate Centre in the run-up to Christmas (Author: Thistle Channel / Christians Together)

Sweeping it under the carpet
In the life of many organisations it is often the case that serious and deleterious flaws remain suppressed and hidden until some other issue arises. It is at that point that foundational cracks are exposed. And in the church(es) it is no different. (Author: Christians Together)

A synopis of the Free Church debate on worship
A random synopsis of the debate within the Free Church of Scotland on the matters of what can lawfully be sung and whether instruments can be used. (Author: Christians Together)

Collected responses to Free Church statement
Following the decision of the Free Church Plenary Assembly on singing and instruments the denomination has issued a public statement from the Assembly (Author: Christians Together)

Are denominations dying gods?
In a landscape strewn with ecclesiastical wreckage will denominations face up to the real issues which threaten their very existence? (Author: Watchman)

Can a Christian be demon-possessed?
An Ellel Ministries Centre Director, a former spiritualist and a Christian web site offer views on demon-possession and the churches ministry to those affected. (Author: Christians Together and friends)

Indian church on Christians Together
As part of the international membership on Christians Together a letter and pictures have been received recently from a church and ministry in India. (Author: Pastor M. Mary)

Kingdom or Empire building: that is the question
A letter to a national newspaper has raised the question of whether the Christian church should be embarking on expensive building programmes. (Author: Watchman)

From violence and crime to a life of compassion
Eddie Murison as a child experienced violence and rejection which led him into serious crime and imprisonment. Yet while in prison his life was changed and he draws on his experiences to help others. (Author: Christians Together)

The Pope and the RC church are unique
Of all the world's religious systems and organisations the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church are unique in terms of the influence that they can wield on governments, politicians and heads of state. (Author: Christians Together)

Scotland 1560: quite a summer so far
Following the storms of last winter which decimated the French fleet off Scotland's shores, and the death of Mary of Guise, John Knox the religious firebrand is now in pole position in the nation. (Author: A Scottish pundit in August 1560AD)

What's on the spiritual radar screen?
A a verse from the second book of Chronicles (7:14) makes a call to "turn from our wicked ways". A 20th-century radar scan makes some suggestions. (Author: A Radar Operator)

Rescued from the demonic
Laura Maxwell has just published a book which gives her testimony of how she was set free from tragic involvement with the New Age, Spiritualism and the demonic. (Author: Laura Maxwell/Christians Together)

Cardiologist's prayer raises man from the dead
Through a prayer prompted by the Holy Spirit, cardiologist Doctor Chauncey Carndall witnessed God bringing a man who had died brought back to life. (Author: Gospel for Asia/Christians Together)

The Miracle of Dunkirk: 70 years on
The Trumpet Sounds for Britain is a trilogy - latterly published as a single volume - which chronicles the hand of God in our nation over the centuries and includes a truly prophetic call to us today. (Author: David E. Gardner)

From Eden to Kingdom Come
What promises has God made to us and what (if any) restrictions and conditions does he place on us? The anwers to fundamental questions rooted in ancient times shape much of what we believe and how we act in our 21st-century Christian lives and churches. (Author: Christians Together)

Christians' livelihoods under threat
As the liberal elite in the political, media and the legal establishment increasingly move against God's principles, Christians are finding their very livelihoods at risk. (Author: Watchman)

Lead us not into temptation. Please.
Are current concerns being exploited in a money-making fashion that gives the enemy of God a potential foothold into the lives of His people? (Author: Editorial)

Revivals in the Highlands: Part 4
Alex Muir's concluding article on revivals in the Scottish Highlands was published just before his Homecall to Glory in March 2010. A tribute will be published elsewhere (d.v.) (Author: Alex Muir/Sword Magazine)

Revivals in the Highlands: Part 3
Alex Muir continues his study of how the Holy Spirit works in revivals by focussing on the 19th-century Scottish Highlands. (Author: Alex Muir/Sword Magazine)

The Times of the Signs
Charles Gardner reports on the chaos in our world and gives a view of current events from Middle East expert Lance Lambert who lives in Israel. (Author: Lifebite News)

The spiritual condition of the United States
Ken Ham from Answers in Genesis gave a challenging address to a worldwide audience earlier this week when he examined the spiritual health of America. (Author: Christians Together)

Revivals in the Highlands: Part 2
In the second of a 4-part article Alex Muir continues the story of how God has worked in the Highlands and Inverness through Rev. Robert Bruce (Author: Alex Muir/Sword Magazine)

Where do our doctrines come from?
Are our hopes and beliefs based on traditions, theological constructs and even paperback best-sellers - or the Word of God? Corrie Ten Boom invites the question. (Author: Corrie Ten Boom)

A Covenant-keeping God
A sovereign and unchanging God has employed covenants and promises as benchmarks for human behaviour and to inform mankind regarding his eternal purposes. (Author: Christians Together)

Teacher sacked for speaking of her faith
A Christian teacher who was sacked for speaking about her faith and felt that she was being persecuted by new equality and diversity policies, has been reinstated. (Author: Christian Legal Centre)

Evolution: blind faith and bogus science
Ever have trouble getting to grips with the 'Evolution versus Creation' debate?. Philip Wren says, don't leave it to the scientists - and don't leave evolution's lies to your children. (Author: Philip Wren)

Chinese pastor jailed on far-fetched charge
Alimjan Yimit has been sentenced to 15 years in prison on the apparently contrived charge of "providing state secrets to overseas organizations." (Author: Christians Together)

Prosperity Gospel invades the church
When the Bible speaks about riches it splits down two ways. Heavenly riches are to be sought after; earthly riches are depicted as a snare. (Author: Andrew Strom)

Evil Spirits dominate, manipulate, intimidate
Paul wrote that 'our struggle is not against flesh and blood ....but against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil..' (Author: Sandy Shaw)

R U 2 bi C 2?
Satan wants us to be either flat on our backs or run off our feet. Jesus invited his first disciples to 'Come apart..' If we don't we risk coming apart. (Author: Christians Together)

Suffering Church Sunday - November 2009
The Barnabas Fund is encouraging church congregations to set aside a Sunday in November to remember those who are being persecuted for their faith. (Author: Christians Together)

Danger! Peace and Unity ahead!
In a world threatened by war and division, who can ignore the cries for peace. And the global community is certain of where the trouble lies. (Author: Sword Magazine)

Revivals in the Highlands: Part 1
Rev. Alex Muir has researched how God has worked in the past and speaks of revivals as something that we can long for but not generate. (Author: Alex Muir/Sword Magazine)

A Warning from Wick
A 'vacancy' crisis in Wick raises some serious questions for ministry in the body of Christ at large regarding the building up of God's people. (Author: Christians Together)

The Blindness of Revelation
Can visits from God leave us blinded or resistant even to subsequent moves of the Holy Spirit? (Author: Steve Taylor)

Seer Training: Christian or mysticism
A church in Scotland which is part of a mainstream denomination is running a course on Seer Training. Is this forward thinking or a route into occultic mysticism? (Author: Watchman)

Healing Meetings with John Mellor
Christian Fellowship of Healing (Highlands) are sponsoring a number of meetings in the Inverness and Alness areas for those needing God's healing. (Author: Christian Fellowship of Healing)

Drilling down on Christian issues
Matters over which Christians differ are often predicated on 'fundamentals' which, though viewed as sacrosanct, sometimes lack a biblical foundation. (Author: Christians Together)

Loneliness leads leader to the lost
A Christian pastor has re-awakened a dormant drama interest in order to engage the lost and as a counter to personal loneliness. (Author: Have your say)

Pubs 'n' Boats 'n' Planes 'n' Sundays
A couple of 'archive articles' on Sunday activities relating to and prompted by the pressures by hotels, and boats and planes on the traditions of the Hebrides. (Author: The Editor)

Are the new 'Confessing Fellowships' meeting the needs of the cause of Christ or merely serving as palliatives to feelings of shame and insecurity? (Author: Watchman)

An open letter at a difficult time
At this difficult and distressing time within the body of Christ in Scotland it is good to remember in prayer those who are undergoing trial and upset. (Author: Colin)

Susan and Joanna: enacted parables for our age
Two ladies from very different backgrounds in two very different situations inspired millions: they were enacted parables for our age. (Author: Christians Together)

The Primacy of the Local Church - an oft-subverted truth
The Primacy of the Local Church, as a biblical doctrine, is often rolled out and re-stated when hierarchies stray, but conveniently ignored when peace prevails. (Author: Watchman)

Fellowship of Confessing Churches
With the launch of a new evangelical grouping within the Church of Scotland, we could be seeing a tsunami starting to break upon the shores of the Kirk and the nation. (Author: Christians Together)

Where to the presbyterian church in Scotland?
Woody Allen might have a 'word' for the Church of Scotland as it meets in General Assembly in May. But in spite of the prognosis there is, and has got to be, hope. (Author: Watchman)

Rick Warren on the ropes
Rick Warren, megachurch purpose-driven pastor and friend of President Obama is enmeshed in controversy regarding his stance on gay marriage. (Author: Christians Together)

40 years on
Sandy Shaw is a Nairn-based pastor and teacher. He tells his story of how God spoke to him as a young boy; and 40 years after a fresh empowering of the Holy Spirit. (Author: Sandy Shaw)

Megachurch meltdown?
The wheels were already coming off the megachurch train before the present economic crisis caused it to come crashing into the buffers. (Author: Watchman)

Night Church
A group of Christians who gathered to pray and ask God how to connect with their local community found that their prayers were answered very quickly and in an unexpected way. (Author: Christians Together / Spotlight)

South Africa, Mighty Men and Revival
Angus Buchan is a farmer of Scot's descent who saw 60,000 men gather in South Africa last year. Andrew Strom now sends a follow-up report. (Author: Christians Together)

Obituary for an Old Friend
No one knows how old he was, and a combination of different factors gave rise to a protacted period of debilitating illness which meant that he died in obscurity (Author: The London Times)

Churchgoing not in decline, says Tearfund
Churchgoing is not in decline, according to figures released by Tearfund today which show that one in four adults in the UK attend church at least once a year. (Author: Christians Together)

Search for Alison on iPlayer
A TV programme of Rev. Kenny and Reta MacDonald's search for their daughter Alison who went missing in Kashmir in 1981 is now available on-line; but hurry (Author: Christians Together)

The Kirk on dangerous ground
The national Church of Scotland is moving in a direction which could bring the Kirk into direct conflict with God's purposes for society and the world. (Author: Christians Together)

Christianity and Other Ways to God
A recent poll shows alarming levels of wrong belief amongst American 'Christians' - but it's not a problem confined to America. (Author: Watchman)

The Westminster Confession: past help, present hindrance?
The Westminster Confession of Faith is a creedal document which is placing unbiblical restrictions on believers' remembrance of the Lord's death. (Author: Watchman)

Employee or servant of God?
A legal conundrum involving a Highland minister and his church has implications for the relationship between the church of Christ and the state - the issue behind the 1843 Disruption. (Author: Christians Together)

The Transit Camp
The interregnum between the (spiritual) fall of King Saul and the coronation of David as Israel's king would have been a unsettling time for God's people. A bit like being in a transit camp. (Author: Christians Together)

Little Red Riding Hood and PC
Little Red Riding Hood - and the current levels of control and oppression being exercised through what has become know as Political Correctness. (Author: Bryan Hupperts)

Micah Sunday - prophetic challenge or cop-out?
Christians are being encouraged to lobby politicians to care for the poor around the world. But is this a 'prophetic call' or a hypocritical cop-out? (Author: Watchman)

Christians under pressure
Vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin has come under fire in the States, and it seems that evangelicals the world over are coming under real pressure. (Author: Lifebite)

Letter from Muslim leaders to the Pope
In 2006, Muslim scholars wrote to Pope Benedict and other Christian leaders urging greater understanding between the two faiths. The story continues..... (Author: )

Christians apologise for praying during Ramadan
A group of Christians in the city of Oxford have apologised to Muslims for 'having the audacity' of organising a Day of Prayer during Ramadan. (Author: Cranmer Blog)

Crises in church and nation
Three important documents from the Maranatha Community in Manchester. These provide vital information for every intercessor and all those concerned for the church and the nation (Author: Christians Together / Marantha Community)

An Age of Hunger - lessons from recent events
Following the events and recent developments surrounding meetings in Florida, Rev. Dr. Clifford Hill writes on "An Age of [spiritual] Hunger". (Author: Rev. Dr. Clifford Hill)

Prepare for difficult times
Corrie Ten Boom wrote a message in 1974 which she impressed upon David Pawson at the end of her life in this world in 1983. The message is to 'prepare' the people. (Author: Corrie Ten Boom)

The Shaping of Things to Come
A review of the book The Shaping of Things to Come: Innovation and Mission for the 21st Century Church (Authors Michael Frost and Alan Hirsch) (Author: Eddie Arthur)

Son of Hamas leader comes to Christ
Masab Yousef is the son of a prominent Hamas leader and politician. In an interview with an Israeli media source he tells of his journey to Christ and the true nature of Hamas. (Author: Christians Together)

Christian preachers face arrest in Birmingham
A police community support officer ordered two Christian preachers to stop handing out gospel leaflets in a predominantly Muslim area of Birmingham. (Author: Daily Telegraph)

Organic Church
Organic church life is a grass roots experience that is marked by face-to-face community, every-member functioning, (Author: Frank Viola)

Church Life
Church Life (Author: )

© 2014 Christians Together High Accessibility Version. (Full Graphics Version)