Christian Life 

Concern over 'Public Benefit' test

Lawyers Christian Fellowship1

Ed note:
Please be aware that the following is principally applicable to England and Wales. There is a separate charities regulator for Scotland. However these proposals are likely to have a substatial influence in homegrown legislation; and this news is indicative of what we can expect to see in Scotland.

Additionally, the concept of "dis-benefit" is being discussed in Scotland, whereby any 'public benefit' could be deemed as being off-set or negated by the perceived 'dis-benefit' of - for instance - preaching an excusive message that Jesus is the only way to God, or for teaching that certain behaviours are regarded as sin in God's eyes.

See also Related Articles in the left-hand column of this page for important information on issues of legislation affecting churches and Christians.


The Lawyers' Christian Fellowship and Christian Concern for our Nation is urging churches and Christian organisations to register their concern over the Government’s attempt in various consultation documents to review the 'public benefit' of Christian charities.

As part of a wide-sweeping upgrade of charity registration and management of charities by the Charity Commissioners, the Commission published a consultation document, earlier this year, looking at whether charities which did not appear to meet a 'public benefit test' should lose their rights to Registered Charity status, including tax advantages through Gift Aid.

The LCF has submitted a response which can be found at (

The Charities Act 2006 removed the legal presumption that charities established for the advancement of religion have purposes that are for the public benefit.

"‘Public benefit’ is not defined in the Charities Act 2006 and it has specifically been left to the Charity Commission to consult on the matter. Christian charities will now have to prove their ‘public benefit’ to the Charity Commission. Following on from this consultation on the draft public benefit guidance there are a number of other consultations on which Christian charities are urged to respond.

The Government proposal is that every charity will have to prove its 'public benefit' on an annual basis. Those who fail to persuade Civil Servants could be de-registered and lose out on taxable advantages, such as claiming tax back on donations given via Gift Aid.

There is currently an Office of Third Sector consultation on Reporting Public benefit-Consultation on Changes to the Accounting and Reporting Framework, which began on the 14 June and will end on the 14 September 2007 with 3 questions specific to public benefit, see .

More information is provided on the Office of Third Sector web site including a detailed consultation document in relation to Charity accounting with the option of answering more questions relevant to Christian Charity accounts and a partial regulatory impact assessment. See.

It is recommended that Christian Charities at least focus on the 3 questions in the public benefit extract of this Office of Third Sector consultation with a closing date of the 14 September 2007. This proposes that the annual report of a charity is the best medium through which charities can report public benefit. It also proposes that the draft 2007 regulations which deal with accounting and reporting matters should incorporate this requirement on a statutory regulations basis. Charities should consider if there are alternative more voluntary means and/or different mechanisms whereby public benefit could be reviewed or reported. This is important for charities because it will be a practical way in which the Charities Commission will ask for proof of public benefit.

There are two other Charity Commission consultations with a closing date of the 3 September 2007.One of these relates to an internal decision review procedure by the Charity Commission on all legal decisions which could later be appealed to a tribunal as set out in Schedule 4 of the Charities Act 2006. The LCF has submitted a response to the Commission’s decision review consultation which can be found at:

This decision review consultation relates to important matters set out in that Schedule such as decisions not to register a charity or remove a charity from the register and cy-pres schemes. This will be important if Christian charities fail to be registered because of the emphasis upon public benefit. There is also a consultation in relation to complaints and customer feedback procedures in relation to making complaints about the Charity Commission but this is in relation to complaints which do not come under the decision review procedure. Both consultations can be found at:

The Charity commission is also expected to produce a consultation in November 2007 on further draft sub- sector guidance dealing with public benefit for Charities for the advancement of religion. (see page 5 for proposed timetable and 2.5 & 2.12 on enquiries on umbrella sub-sector consultations prior to this draft guidance)

In addition, the Ministry of Justice is consulting on the Draft Charity Tribunal Rules 2007.This consultation asks only 2 specific questions but would be grateful for comments and feedback on any of the draft rules. It is of concern that the draft rules are only proposing a time limit of 28 days after the date on which the appellant was notified of the Commission’s final decision to file an appeal. Charities may wish to appeal to the Tribunal on the basis of final Commission decisions such as decisions not to register or remove a charity from the register which may be in relation to the public benefit requirement. The closing date for this consultation is the 7 November 2007 and can be found at:

The LCF/CCFON is encouraging church leaders and trustees of Christian organisations to write to the Office of the Third Sector/Charity Commission/Ministry of Justice and respond to the consultations, particularly those on public benefit matters, to demonstrate the depth of concern amongst Christian charities.

The address for the Office of the third sector is:

Helen Morgan
Office of the Third Sector,
Cabinet Office
35 Great Smith Street,
London SW1P 3BQ


(Mark responses: ”Charities Accounts and Reports – Consultation”).

The address for the Charity Commission is: Charity Commission Direct,

PO Box 1227, Liverpool, L69 3UG, or email
(Mark responses:” Decision Review-consultation”)
(Mark responses: “Complaints and Customer feedback-consultation”)

The address for the Ministry of Justice is:

Jenny Patterson
Tribunals Service
Ministry of Justice
Business Development Team
Zone 1.02
1st floor, 4 Abbey Orchard Street,
London SW1P 2BS

E mail address:

(Mark responses: “Draft Charity Tribunal Rules 2007-Consultation”)

Please see specific consultations for address and e-mail specifications.

For further information:

Andrea Minichiello Williams LCF Public Policy Officer: 0771 2591164

CCFON/LCF, 30/08/2007

Interview with Lawyers Christian Fellowship / CCfON Andrea Minichiello Williams
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Christians Together in the Highlands and Islands > Christian Life > Christians and Politics > Concern over 'Public Benefit' test